When children learn they need to be active, not passive. They learn far more by doing things for themselves than they do by just watching others. Children learn predominately through receiving impressions through their senses. The more that they see, hear, touch and smell, the better.
Children need praise and encouragement, not treats or rewards. Praise and encouragement are all that’s needed. If a task is worth doing, then it should be worth doing for its own sake. When a child begins to concentrate on an activity, they are often developing the ability to persevere and work things through even when it is difficult. The ability to persevere in an attempt to solve a problem, will be a very useful ability for children to acquire.
When children have the opportunity to persevere and generally arrive at a good solution, they will have a great deal of confidence when tackling the new and unknown. Children who feel that they can generally solve problems are able to take the fact that occasionally they can’t. However, if children believe before they start a task that they won’t be able to manage, they will either not start at all or give up at the first sign of difficulty.
Lawrence, L. (1998). Montessori read & write: a parents’ guide to literacy for children (1st ed.). London, UK: Elbury Press.